Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Late evening Flying Woman Paper Gina Plumer Night Flying Woman Assignment American Indian Social Welfare Perspective The book that I chose to peruse was Night Flying Woman by Ignatia Broker. The inborn character in the book was Oibwe from the White Earth Band. Ms. Merchant began the book from the current day in Minneapolis where she grew up. There wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t much culture to be seen, and the more youthful ages were getting excessively lost in the new world. Ms. Intermediary tried to make reference to that she despite everything showed her youngsters the Ojibwe ways, and revealed to them the tales that her grandma had once advised her. All through Ignatia BrokerÃ¢â¬â¢s early on section, we got a feeling of the measure of regard she had for you extraordinary distant grandma Oona, or Night Flying Woman. At the point when Ms. Agent originally moved to Minneapolis, she lived in a various neighborhood, intensely populated with Latinos. She portrayed being a Native American lady experiencing childhood in the urban Minneapolis territory. From the time she had first moved there until now she was expounding on, there had been an expansion in the Native populace. With the expansion in populace, she clarified how where she lived out of nowhere was encircled by processing plants and turnpikes. A significant number of the Ojibwe individuals in Minneapolis distinguished themselves as Native American from a specific, dislike a faction as they did in her incredible extraordinary grandmotherÃ¢â¬â¢s adolescence. Her initial presentation was clarifying the distinctions of the land and customs of the past to the current way. The book at that point started to recount to the individual story of Ignatia BrokerÃ¢â¬â¢s extraordinary incredible grandma Ni-bo-wi-se-gwe, or Night Flying Woman. Ni-bo-wi-se-gwe was a lone youngster to Me-ow-ga-bo (Outstanding), and Wa-wi-e-cu-mig-go-gwe (Round Earth). Three weeks after birth, in Indian convention, came when naming must be arranged. OonaÃ¢â¬â¢s guardians talked with Grandfather and Grandmother and concluded that A-wa-sa-si would be the namer. A-wa-sa-si picked the name Ni-bo-wi-se-gwe (Night Flying Woman) in light of the fact that Oona was conceived during the obscurity of the day. The inborn character was Ojibwe, and the town that they lived in was affectionate. Everybody that lived in the town was acceptable at something and they helped each other out when they required it. For example, some were acceptable at ricing, some at chasing, at picking berries, some at sugaring, and some at making necessities. We will compose a custom paper test on Night Flying Woman explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom paper test on Night Flying Woman explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom paper test on Night Flying Woman explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer It was the earth we could just seek after these days. The older folks were regarded above every other person, and they were to consistently talk first. The kids were to begin taking in the conventions from birth with the goal that they would be proficient at an early age. The family structure was exceptionally open, and I could without much of a stretch recognize who was in the positions of authority. During childbirth, OonaÃ¢â¬â¢s guardians were her folks, yet she additionally sought her grandparents for direction. At the point when she was given her Indian name, she admired her name supplier too. The obligation of Oona as a kid was to get familiar with the conventions and the Ojibwe lifestyle. She was to help with the ricing, chasing, berries, sugaring, and berries for one day she would need to do everything all alone. She was instructed that when she entered her grandma and grandfatherÃ¢â¬â¢s home, she was not to state a word until she was addressed. On the off chance that nothing was said by them, nothing would be said in kind by Oona. The jobs and duties that everybody in the town was given relied upon the qualities that they had as a person. In the new land, OonaÃ¢â¬â¢s individuals werenÃ¢â¬â¢t ready to chase, fish, pick berries, or do any of their standard things openly. They were to manufacture genuine houses, and wear genuine garments like the Ã¢â¬Å"strangersÃ¢â¬ . Before long a short time later, the outsiders requested that the youngsters go to class, which before long transformed into all inclusive school in light of the separation it was from their homes. At the life experience schools, the Native kids had to communicate in English and overlook their customary ways. They were beaten in the event that they ignored their educators. This brought the book into how the Native culture is today. There arenÃ¢â¬â¢t numerous familiar Ojibwe individuals, and youngsters are encouraged the standard techniques for endurance they were back before arrangements were made. At the point when the European pioneers came over and began taking once again the land, it filled in as a defining moment of the Ojibwe culture and the way that they rehearsed their ways. At the point when the Europeans came over, Oona and her family members had to get together and move their things twice. The land that had a place with them their entire lives were being taken over by pilgrims that idea they Ã¢â¬Å"foundÃ¢â¬ the land. After they had moved, they had to begin living how the new pioneers were. While the youngsters were learning the new ways, the grown-ups were also. OonaÃ¢â¬â¢s father had gone to a timber camp to work. He went to attempt to win enough cash to fabricate the sorts of houses that the new pioneers had just worked for themselves. The Native lady started to become familiar with the family needs, and the English language also. They made garments like the new pilgrims, and even friended a significant number of them. The lifestyle that they were once used to was turning out to be only a spot in their recollections. As the age passes, Oona consistently made sure to tell the offspring of how life used to be, and the conventions that were polished. She perceived that the youngsters would acquire the way of life with them the ages to come, yet it could never be as customary as it once seemed to be. OonaÃ¢â¬â¢s family adapted to the progressions by having gatherings with the seniors, and getting their perspective on the new pilgrims. There was very little that should be possible to spare their territory and continue living in the way that they were utilized to. It appeared as if they all had each other despite the fact that their lives were evolving definitely. OonaÃ¢â¬â¢s granddad once said Ã¢â¬Å"the backwoods have never fizzled usÃ¢â¬ . I donÃ¢â¬â¢t imagine that they could possibly do, yet the new pilgrims and their new ways certainly did. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a decision for OonaÃ¢â¬â¢s family to stick to the better approach forever, yet the choice was at that point made for them by the new pioneers. I imagine that as hard as it sounded, the family adapted to the progressions quite well. In the book, it was before government and state strategy was made. Albeit, ancestral reservations were really taking shape, and the fragments of land that were being put something aside for the Indian individuals was spread out. At the point when a white man appears with a paper that must be complied, it was required the individuals to move to the White Earth reservation. It was government strategy around then, during the 1840s, to move all northern Midwest U. S. Indians there in a sort of inhumane imprisonment. They had the option to continue their conventional life until the all inclusive school period started. This was the point at which the United States was getting progressively brought together, and the land was being conveyed among the new pioneers and the Ojibwe individuals. At the point when the reservations were made, this was the main spot where the Native Americans could chase, fish, rice, sugar, plant, and pick berries. They could not, at this point set up summer and spring towns off kilter to approach their conventional ways. Ms. Representative made reference to the awful dietary patterns that numerous Native Americans have today because of the change in customary food gathering. In the event that the Native Americans had the option to gather food as they did before the new pilgrims, there wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be such a serious extent of weight and diabetes on the reservations today. In the book, OonaÃ¢â¬â¢s family consistently figured out how to get off their assigned land and assemble more food, however IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure the ages to come discovered this increasingly troublesome. Suitable abilities that a social laborer could use to reinforce and bolster the families would initially off to know about the historical backdrop of Native Americans. To know about the progressions that they needed to make to be a current culture today. A social specialist could work with relatives one on one, yet in addition in a gathering setting to perceive how they respond in the various manners. A social laborer could get mindful of what the difficulties this specific family would confront, and furthermore the verifiable injury that they may be experiencing. Exercises that a social laborer could have would be meetings on getting familiar with the notable culture. Numerous Native American individuals today arenÃ¢â¬â¢t mindful of the things that our precursors needed to experience when the new pioneers came over. Our progenitors were absorbed into the cutting edge culture, and it would be advantageous for our way of life today to know the progressions that were made. On the off chance that there were a secondary school or center school social specialist helping these families, they could help shape Native American exercises after school. Exercises like earthenware and beading, or even a language extra-curricular. There could be numerous alternatives accessible to assist Native with peopling become in contact with their way of life more. Toward the finish of the book, Ms. Representative made it pertinent that the more youthful age flourishes to know the way of life, and the tales of the past. It resembled a rotating entryway of information in her family with respect to the tales being gone down through the ages. I believe that if everybody knew these difficulties that the Native American individuals confronted, they would have more regard for the way of life, and the individuals of the way of life. It is intriguing to perceive what number of individuals arenÃ¢â¬â¢t mindful of the progressions the Native American individuals experienced all together for the European pilgrims to settle here and consider it their home. The Chippewa or Ojibwe t
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Programmable Logic Controller Essay To react to these wonderful changes, we present the second version of Programmable Controllers: Theory and Implementation. This subsequent release, similar to the first, gives a far reaching hypothetical, yet functional, take a gander at all parts of PLCs and their related gadgets and frameworks. In any case, this rendition goes above and beyond with new sections on cutting edge PLC subjects, for example, I/O transport systems, fluffy rationale, the IEC 1131-3 programming standard, process control, and PID calculations. This new release additionally presents updated, modern data about existing subjects, with extended designs and new, hands-on models. Besides, the new format of the bookÃ¢â¬with highlights like two-tone designs, key terms records, all around characterized headings and segments, callout symbols, and an amended, extended glossaryÃ¢â¬ makes the data introduced considerably more clear. This new release has been a work serious learning experience for every one of those included. Similarly as with any errand so enormous, we would never have done only it. Luis Bryan holds a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering qualification and a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering certificate, both from the University of Tennessee. His significant subject matters are computerized frameworks, gadgets, and PC building. During his alumni considers, Luis was associated with a few undertakings with national and global legislative organizations. Luis has broad involvement with the field of programmable controllers. He was associated with worldwide promoting exercises, just as PLC applications advancement, for a significant programmable controller producer. He additionally worked for a counseling firm, giving business sector considers and companyspecific discussions about PLCs. Moreover, Luis has given talks and workshops in Canada, Mexico, and South America about the employments of programmable controllers. He keeps on instructing classes to industry and government elements, including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Luis is a functioning individual from a few expert associations, including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the IEEEÃ¢â¬â¢s instrument and PC social orders. He is a senior individual from the Instrument Society of America, just as an individual from Phi Kappa Phi respect society and Eta Kappa Nu electrical building honor society. Luis has coauthored a few different books about programmable controllers. E RIC B RYAN Eric Bryan moved on from the University of Tennessee with a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering qualification, gathering in advanced plan and PC design. He got a Master of Science in Engineering certificate from the Georgia Institute of Technology, where he took part in a unique PC incorporated assembling (CIM) program. EricÃ¢â¬â¢s claims to fame are mechanical computerization strategies, adaptable assembling frameworks (FMS), and man-made consciousness. He is a supporter of man-made brainpower execution and its application in mechanical robotization. Eric worked for a main programmed laser review frameworks organization, just as a programmable controller counseling firm. His modern experience incorporates planning and executing huge investigation frameworks, alongside creating PLC-based frameworks. Eric has coauthored different distributions about PLCs and is an individual from a few expert and specialized social orders.
Thursday, August 20, 2020
seattle (again) time for a summer update. im in seattle! again! this time im sharing a place with three other interns, two of them also from MIT. so its a time for new friends and new experiences and new places. at the same time, seattle feels like home by now i know the way to the churches i go to, and where the bus stops are, and there are a couple neighborhoods i know well enough that i can find my way home without google maps. i have a favorite pho restaurant (denny triangle) and a second favorite pho restaurant (15th avenue). im writing now from my new favorite workspace, cafe solstice. a few weeks ago my roommates and i had a late-night craving and wandered to safeway for ice cream, where we discovered that there was a four-quarts-for-$3-each sale on tillamook ice cream, and we bought vanilla and strawberry lemon and mint chocolate chip and marionberry pie. a few weeks ago we went to see a musical at the paramount, downtown. a few weeks ago we went and saw a kendrick lamar laser show at the pacific science center laserdome. a few weeks ago it was fourth of july and we invited people over and made homemade dumplings and played monopoly and watched fireworks from the windows on the top floor, going up from our neighbors backyards all around us. every once in a while one of us buys a bouquet of flowers from safeway and we put them in makeshift vases that are actually used lemonade pitchers or pasta sauce jars. somebody bakes often and leaves the cake, or brownies, or cornbread, up for grabs in the kitchen. somebody always makes sure the stovetop is clean and runs the dishwasher at night. somebody always makes sure the trash bins go to the curb on thursday mornings, and pays the bills on time. somebody always finds things to do together on weekends. this is a nice way of living making a home, even if only for three months. this familiar, familial work, reusing the communal patterns we learned at east campus or senior house or wherever else home is. seattle nights are warm, mostly, and i take walks or drink tea and watch the sky grow dim from the window. i spend some time reading. i spend some time listening to albums, start-to-finish, all the way through: melodrama, pieces in space, funeral, planetarium. and movies too: kimi no na wa, moana, baby driver, her. people come in and out of our house, various friends and friends-of-friends we know, visiting seattle or looking for a couch to crash on for a few nights. we bought paint and crayons and once in a while well sit and draw and tape our amateur art to the walls with masking tape, to make the space less bare. and mit is here, too, as a sort of virtual public. on the dorm mailing list, people are discussing whether a new paper claiming to have solved p vs np is legit or not. i get into speculative discussions about media and mediation on MITs instance of mastodon (its like twitter but open-source more background here). my friends write emails or blogs or facebook posts with updates about their lives, writing from india and boston and new york and DC and colorado. theres an intimacy, here, too, that comes from being a long-distance family, scheduling video calls to catch up and sending each other snapchats of food and scenery. so im at home here, but come september ill be ready to go back to school, which is also home. i have friends here, and i miss my friends too, and i cant wait to see them again, and fall back into our old rhythms, which will be old and new and different, all at the same time. Post Tagged #photography
Sunday, May 24, 2020
According to the Preamble of the Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers, Ã¢â¬Å"the primary mission of the social work profession is to enhance human wellbeing and help meet the basic human needs of all people, with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in poverty.Ã¢â¬ National Association of Social Workers. (approved 1996, revised 1999, 2008). Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers. Washington, DC: Author. The ethical considerations of the Bruff Case as presented by Hermann and Herlihy (2006), are clearly defined and set forth Code of Ethics; additionally, the Code provides guidance to counselors on dealing with issues which might give riseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Unfortunately for this counselor, her religious beliefs cost her employment with the agency. According to the facts of the case presented in the excerpt from Corey, Corey, and Callanan (2007), Ã¢â¬Å"a court case involving a therapistÃ¢â¬â¢s refusal to counsel homosexual clientsÃ¢â¬ (pp. 138-141), Bruff should be held liable for any emotional harm she caused to the client. As set forth in the National Association of Social Workers, Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers, (2008), social workers are ethically required to help people in need and address any social setbacks or problems. Refusing to counsel the lesbian couple regarding their relationship issues can be characterized as a form of discrimination towards their sexual orientation. As such, this discrimination could subject the social worker to liability as professional malpractice. Ã¢â¬Å"Professional malpractice is generally considered a form of negligence.Ã¢â¬ Frederic G Reamer, Social Work Malpractice and Liability: Strategies for Prevention (2003). As Social workers you are mandated obtain education about and seek to understand the nature of social diversity and oppression with respect to race, ethnicity, national origin, color, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, marital status, political belief, religion, immigration status, and mental or physical disability. Moreover, counselors have a professional and ethical dutyÃ¢â¬âset forth in the Code of Ethics,Show MoreRelatedA Code Of Ethics For Social Workers Essay2330 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAll social workers can attest th at at some point in their career theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve had a situation that was an ethical dilemma. They work with people who are experiencing some very difficult and sensitive situations, and there are instances where issues arise that put social workers in a difficult position in regards to ethics. Whether it be from conflicting responsibilities of a social worker or an issue that lies in an ethical gray area. Fortunately, the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) hasRead MoreCode Of Ethic For National Association Of Social Worker1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesReading the Code of Ethic for National Association of Social Worker (NASW) I see that the code of ethics if pretty similar to my own set of values. Upon reviewing the code of ethics, it parallels how my approach to clients is treated regardless of their status in the community. The ethical principles are to ensure that dignity and worth of the person, social justice, and importance of human relations, integrity and competency is a service that should be afforded to anyone. These core values haveRead MoreThe Code Of Ethics Of The National Association Of Social Workers1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPreamble of the Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers it is stated that Ã¢â¬Å"the primary mission of the social work profession is to enhance human well-being and help meet the basic human needs of all people, with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in povertyÃ¢â¬ (Socialworkers.org, 2008). Social workers must consider the many levels that accompany each case and also remember to consult the Code of Ethics so that theyRead MoreThe Code Of Ethics Of The National Association Of Social Workers Essay1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmax). The Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) is designed to communicate the fundamental values, ethical principles, and ethical standards of the social work profession, regardless of the role in which the workers are functioning. These codes should always be consulted as guidelines when ethical issues arise to get the best outcome for the clients. Good human service workers know this and stay up to date with any changes to the codes of ethics. They are alsoRead MoreThe Code Of Ethics Of The National Association Of Social Workers Essay1469 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessingle space max). The Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) is designed to communicate the fundamental values, ethical principles, and ethical standards of the social work profession, regardless the roles the workers are functioning these codes should always be consulted as guidelines when ethical issues arise while pursuing the best outcome for the Clients. Good human service workers know this and are familiar with the codes of ethics. They are also clear on managingRead MoreThe National Association Of Social Workers Code Of Ethics Essay2287 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesSocial work is a very unique profession. The other professions that are in the same realm as social work are very specialized, however, social workers must have a broad range of knowledge in order to help their clients. This is where multiple agencies come together to make sure professionals are properly trained and knowledgeable. In the field of social work, ethics and values are the key principles that prov ide the basis for the mission. It is these principles that guide the decisions and actionsRead MoreThe Code Of Ethics Of National Association Of Social Workers1948 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPurposes, functions, and goal of social work Social work refers to the profession in which there is a Ã¢â¬Å"distinctive emphasis... on the interface between individuals and their social environmentÃ¢â¬ (Toseland Rivas, 2005, p. 5). The profession was created as a response to a need or concern (Johnson Yanca, 2010, p. 4). Common human needs include: food, shelter, clothing, health care, opportunities for emotional and intellectual growth, as well as meaningful relationships (Johnson Yanca, 2010, pRead MoreHuman Services Professional or Social Workers Code and Ethics542 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThere is a pressing need for a high level of worker/client boundary identification when working within a client population, however realizing a conflict of interest scenario is vitally important when facing a dual relationship with a client. There are so many issues that are faced by a human service professional, explaining all of them may be difficult. In this field there are issues such as burnout, secondary trauma, compassion satis faction, dual relationships, and boundary issues. (Reamer, F. (2012)Read MoreEthics And Code Of Ethics1359 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesethical codes in which it is useful to become aware of these differences for your future employment in working with a variety of professionals. Future coworkers may have different views and opinions however, a code of ethics will individualize these professionals and set standards. By making yourself aware of the differences, communication can become easier between employees of various backgrounds. Two particular organizations to compare may include the American Counseling Association Code of EthicsRead MoreEthical Principles, Morals And Values Of A Company Or Organization Essay1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCode of ethics, are implemented to educate employees on the ethical principles, morals and values of a company or organization. Organizations such as the National Association for Social Workers (NASW), and the National Organization for Human Services (NOHS ) have ethical codes in place for individuals working within the Human Services field. The American Psychological Association (APA) have ethical principles for psychologists. Furthermore, journalistÃ¢â¬â¢s and corporations have ethical codes they must
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
We drove. Old county buildings quickly became Old Town, which turned almost as quickly into downtown and then rather more slowly into nothing-in-particular town, blocks of slightly shabby houses giving way to blocks of somewhat seedy shops and offices and back again. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a big city; we went over the line into what most of us called No Town far too soon. We will write a custom essay sample on Sunshine Chapter 16 or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the first place I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to go there at all, in the second place I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t like being reminded that it was so close. New ArcadiaÃ¢â¬â¢s only big bad spots are in No Town, which did compel a certain amount of evasive driving. Even a SOF car can only go where there are still roads, and urban bad spots get blocked off fast. But we werenÃ¢â¬â¢t going nearly indirectly enough for me. Here moved out of the back of my mind into the front, like Large Zombie Rat getting up off your living room floor and following you into the kitchen where you realize that itÃ¢â¬â¢s bigger and uglier than you thought, and its teeth are longer, and while zombies are really, really stupid, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re also really, really vicious. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re also nearly as fast as vampires, and since they donÃ¢â¬â¢t just happen, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re made for a purpose, if one is coming after you, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s probably its purpose, and youÃ¢â¬â¢re in big trouble. Here was getting worse. It was going to burst out of my skull and dance on the dashboard, and it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be anything anyone wanted to watch. Ã¢â¬Å"Stop,Ã¢â¬ I said. Pat stopped. I tried to breathe. Zombie Rat seemed to be sitting on my chest, so I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t see it any more though Ã¢â¬â there didnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to be anything left but its little red eyes Ã¢â¬â no, its huge, drowning, no-color eyes Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"I Ã¢â¬â canÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬â any Ã¢â¬â more Ã¢â¬â turn Ã¢â¬â around,Ã¢â¬ I think is what I said. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t remember. I remember after Pat turned around and started driving back toward Old Town. After what felt like a long time I began breathing again. I was clammy with sweat and my head ached as if pieces of my skull had been broken and the edges were grinding together. But Zombie Rat was gone. That had been far too much like the bad spot the SOF car hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t protected us from, the day Jesse and Pat took me back out to the house on the lake. (Those no-color eyesÃ¢â¬ ¦both mirror-flat and chasm-deepÃ¢â¬ ¦if they were eyesÃ¢â¬ ¦) But we hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t tried to drive through a bad spot. And this time it was just me. Pat and Jesse hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t noticed anything. Except my little crisis. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know if I was angrier at their making me try to do Ã¢â¬â whatever Ã¢â¬â or at the fact that IÃ¢â¬â¢d failed. IÃ¢â¬â¢d been to No Town when I was a teenager. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t like I had no idea. Any teenager with the slightest pretensions toward being stark, spartan, whatever, which IÃ¢â¬â¢m afraid I had had, will probably give it a try if itÃ¢â¬â¢s offered, and it will be offered. And No Town is a rite of passage; quite sensible kids go at least once. IÃ¢â¬â¢d been there more than once. Some of the clubs were pretty spartan by anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s standards. Kenny said (out of MomÃ¢â¬â¢s hearing) this was still true. And it was also still true (Kenny said) that you dared each other to climb farther in, over the rubble around the bad spots, although nobody got very far. But I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t got any less far than anyone else, when I was his age. So had whatever-it-was moved there since my time, or was I just more sensitive now than I had been? No Town was actually a lot cleaner now than it had been when I was sixteen and seventeen, which was right after the Wars. Having been once captured by vampires, did I now overreact to their presence? If Ã¢â¬Å"overreact to vampiresÃ¢â¬ wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a contradiction in terms. Or was this another horrible, specific one-off, like my having heard the giggler when no one else could? I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know if I wanted the answer to be yes or no. If it was no, then it might mean my sucker connection was general, which didnÃ¢â¬â¢t bear thinking about. But if it was yes, then it meant I was picking up something to do with Bo. Which didnÃ¢â¬â¢t bear thinking about. Unless it was Con. Unless this had been his daylight wards, protecting him, protecting us, in the company of a couple of sucker-hating SOFs. No. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t Con. Whatever it was, it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t Con. Pat drove around into the SOF back lot again. Neither of them had said any word of blame or failure or frustration to me, although I felt I could hear them both thinking. Words like Ã¢â¬Å"triangulation.Ã¢â¬ I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know if theyÃ¢â¬â¢d marked where I made them turn around. Probably. But neither of them mentioned it. Yet. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢d take you straight to CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s but I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think you want the neighborhood seeing you show up in a SOF car,Ã¢â¬ Pat said, as offhand as if weÃ¢â¬â¢d been buying groceries. I started to shake my head Ã¢â¬â unmarked SOF cars were like SOFs out of uniform; you still knew Ã¢â¬â but changed my mind. Ã¢â¬Å"Thanks.Ã¢â¬ I fumbled for the door handle. Ã¢â¬Å"Do you want to come back in? You look a littleÃ¢â¬ ¦worn. There are a few bedrooms in the back. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re pretty basic but they have beds and theyÃ¢â¬â¢re quiet. Or I could run you home.Ã¢â¬ This time I did manage to shake my head. Carefully. Ã¢â¬Å"No. Thanks. IÃ¢â¬â¢m going for a walk. Clear my head.Ã¢â¬ The last thing I wanted to do was lie down in a small dark room and try to go to sleep. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to go home either. There might be a dead rat in the living room. I got out of the car, lifted my face to the sunlight. It felt like a good fairyÃ¢â¬â¢s kiss. Except good fairies donÃ¢â¬â¢t exist. As I walked toward the exit Pat called after me, Ã¢â¬Å"Hey. DidnÃ¢â¬â¢t you want to tell us something? When you came in.Ã¢â¬ I looked at him, at the way the shadows fell across his face. He was leaning on the roof of the car, which was unmarked-cop-car blue. That was probably why the shadows in the hollows of his eyes, his upper lip, his throat, looked blue. Ã¢â¬Å"I forget now,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢ll come back to me.Ã¢â¬ Pat smiled a little: a twitch of the lips. Ã¢â¬Å"Sorry, Sunshine.Ã¢â¬ I raised a hand and turned away again. He said softly, Ã¢â¬Å"See you.Ã¢â¬ He could have meant only that heÃ¢â¬â¢d see me at CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s, where weÃ¢â¬â¢d seen each other for years. But I knew that wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t what he meant. I went for a long walk. I spiraled slowly through Old Town, from the outside edge, where SOF headquarters and City Hall lie on the boundary between Old Town and downtown, to the next circle where the area library and the Other Museum and the older city buildings are, through several small parks and down the long green aisle of General AsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Way (purple in autumn with michaelmas daisies, some municipal gardenerÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of a joke), and then into the back streets of CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s neighborhood, where everyone gets lost occasionally, even people who have lived there all their lives, like Charlie and Mary and Kyoko. I was used to getting lost. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind. IÃ¢â¬â¢d come to something I recognized eventually. I wandered and thought about the latest thing I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to think about. There seemed to be so many things I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to think about lately. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to think about my increasing sense that something had happened to Con. And that it mattered. There is no fellowship between humans and vampires. We are fire and water, heads and tails, north and southÃ¢â¬ ¦day and night. Maybe I was imagining the bond. Maybe it was a way of dealing with what had happened. Like post-traumatic thingummy. Con himself said the bond existed, but he could be wrong too. Vampires are deadly, but no one says theyÃ¢â¬â¢re infallible. I blinked my treacherous eyes, watching the things in the shadows slither and sparkle. I had plenty to worry about already. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about vampires too. One vampire. The last thing I wanted to be doing was worrying about him. No, the next to last thing. The last thing I wanted was to be bound to him. I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t thought I had any Ã¢â¬â did I mean innocence? Ã¢â¬â to lose, after those two nights on the lake. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know you could go on finding out youÃ¢â¬â¢d had stuff by losing it. This didnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem like a very good method to me. Over two months of being slowly poisoned probably hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t been really good for me either. And the nightmares had been bad. But in a way theyÃ¢â¬â¢d still been pure. IÃ¢â¬â¢d made a mistake Ã¢â¬â a mistake IÃ¢â¬â¢d paid dearly for Ã¢â¬â but it had been a mistake. A month ago, IÃ¢â¬â¢d called on Con. Okay, I was at the end of my tether. But IÃ¢â¬â¢d still asked a vampire for help Ã¢â¬â not Mel, not a human doctor of human medicine. And heÃ¢â¬â¢d helped me. The nightmares IÃ¢â¬â¢d had since werenÃ¢â¬â¢t pure at all. My thought paused there, teetering on the edge of a precipice, and then fell over. What if it hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t been a mistake, driving out to the lake? What if IÃ¢â¬â¢d had to do it Ã¢â¬â if not that exact thing, then something similar. What if that restlessness I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t been able to name had caused exactly what it was meant to cause? That question I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t asked Con, out by the lake, is my dad another of your old enemies? Or your old friends? Between the dark thoughts inside my head and the leaping, glittery shadows my eyes saw, I had to stop. I was at the edge of OldroyÃ¢â¬â¢s Park. I groped my way to a bench and sat down. I sat there, and stared at the tree opposite me, and the way the rough ridges of its bark seemed to wiggle where they lay in shade. My thoughts were stuck on that night at the lake. I never liked coincidence much, but I hated the sense I was making now. I watched the wiggling bark. It occurred to me that this was new. IÃ¢â¬â¢d been seeing into shadows, but merely what was there, as if there was a rather erratic light on it. This was something else. Which gave me something I could bear to think about, so I thought about it. A few more minutes passed and it seemed to me it was as if I was watching the tree breathing. I found a leaf in shadow, and looked at it for a while; it twinkled, as if with tiny starbursts, but rather than thinking ugh Ã¢â¬â weird, I kept watching, till there seemed to be a pattern. I thought, itÃ¢â¬â¢s as if IÃ¢â¬â¢m watching its pores opening and closing. I looked down at my hands. The shadows between the fingers gleamed like a banked fire. The tiny shadows laid by the veins on the backs of them were a tiny, flickering dark green edged with a tinier, even more flickering red. The daylight part of the veins looked as it always did. In the shadow places I could see the blood moving. I was sitting in sunlight, not shade. I automatically chose sun if there was any sun to be had. I remembered the sun on my back the first morning at the lake, like the arm of a friend. I closed my eyes. I heard the footsteps but I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t expect them to pause. Ã¢â¬Å"Pardon me,Ã¢â¬ said a voice. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you all right?Ã¢â¬ ; I opened my eyes. An old woman stood there, a little bent over, leaning on the handle of her two-wheeled shopping cart. Ã¢â¬Å"You look Ã¢â¬â tired,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Can I fetch you anything? There is a shop on the corner. And it has a pay phone. Can I call someone for you?Ã¢â¬ She had a nice face. She would be someone you would be glad to have as a neighbor, or as a regular at the coffeehouse you and your family ran. I looked at the shadows that fell half across her face and sawÃ¢â¬ ¦I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know howÃ¢â¬ ¦that she was a partblood. And that something about my expression was maybe making her guess I might be going through finding that out about myself. And remembering how hard this was she was going to ask me, a total stranger, if I was all right. I hauled myself back into the ordinary world, and the vision faded. The shadows that fell across her face reverted to being the usual, disorienting, see-through, funny-edged shadows IÃ¢â¬â¢d been seeing for a month. She smiled. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry to disturb you. I Ã¢â¬â er Ã¢â¬â I thought you might perhaps Ã¢â¬â er Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"Want to be disturbed?Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes. IsnÃ¢â¬â¢t itÃ¢â¬ ¦sillyÃ¢â¬ ¦howÃ¢â¬ ¦upsettingÃ¢â¬ ¦just thinking can be?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not silly at all. The insides of our own minds are the scariest things there are.Ã¢â¬ Scarier than vampires? I thought. Scarier than an affinity for vampires? Well. That was what sheÃ¢â¬â¢d said, wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t it? What my mind contained was an affinity for vampires. She was fishing around in her cart and pulled out a package of Fig Carousels and another of Chocolate Pinwheels. I laughed. She smiled at me again. Ã¢â¬Å"Which?Ã¢â¬ she said, holding them out toward me. I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t had a Pinwheel in fifteen years, although the secret recipe for SunshineÃ¢â¬â¢s Killer Zebras was the later result of a three-pack-a-week pre-CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood. I pointed to the Pinwheels. She tore open the packet, sat down, and offered it to me. Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you,Ã¢â¬ I said. She took one too. We sat in silence for a while, and did away with several more Pinwheels. Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you,Ã¢â¬ I said again. Ã¢â¬Å"Maud,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m Maud. I live Ã¢â¬â there,Ã¢â¬ and she pointed to one of the old townhouses that surrounded the little park. Ã¢â¬Å"I sit here often, in warm weather. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve found itÃ¢â¬â¢s a good place for thinking; I like to believe Colonel Oldroy was a pleasant fellow, which is why the disagreeable thoughts seem to fall away if you sit here.Ã¢â¬ Colonel Oldroy had been one of those military scientist bozos who spent decades locked up in some huge secret underground maze because whatever they were doing was so superclassified that the existence of a lab to do it in was confidential information. It still wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t public knowledge where his lab had been, but Oldroy got the credit, or the blame, for the blood test SOF still used on job applicants. Before Oldroy there was no reliable test for demon partbloods. (Remember that demon is a hodge-podge word. A Were canÃ¢â¬â¢t be a partblood; you either are one or you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t. Anything else, anything alive that is, may be called a demon, although things like peris and angels will probably protest.) Pretty much the first thing that Oldroy discovered was that he was a partblood. HeÃ¢â¬â¢d retired before they had a chance to throw him out, and spent the last twenty years of his life breeding roses, and naming them things like Lucifer, Mammon, Beelzebub, and Belphegor. Belp hegor, under the less controversial name Pure of Heart, was a big commercial success. Mom had a Pure of Heart in her back yard. Oldroy may not have had a very happy life, but it sounded like heÃ¢â¬â¢d had a sense of humor. I wondered if heÃ¢â¬â¢d had anything to do with synthesizing the drug that made partbloods piss green or blue-violet but pass his blood test, or with setting up the bootleg mentor system. Ã¢â¬Å"Sometimes you have help,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"Sometimes people come along and offer you Chocolate Pinwheels.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sometimes,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m Rae,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"Do you know CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s Coffeehouse? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s about a quarter mile that way,Ã¢â¬ I said, pointing. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t get that far very often,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, some time, if you want to, you might like to try our Killer Zebras. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a strong family resemblanceÃ¢â¬ ¦Tell whoever serves you that Sunshine says you can have as many as you can carry away, to bring back to this park and eat. In the sunshine.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Are you Sunshine then too?Ã¢â¬ I sighed. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes. I guess. IÃ¢â¬â¢m Sunshine too.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Good for you,Ã¢â¬ she said, and patted my knee. I got home that night at about nine-thirty and had a cup of cinnamon and rosehip tea and stared out at the dark and thought. There was at least one good result of my negative epiphany that afternoon in Oldroy Park: there seemed to me suddenly so many worse things that worrying about Con seemed clean and straightforward. He had saved my life, after all. Twice. Never mind the extenuating circumstances. I stood on my little balcony and remembered: I could not come to you if you did not call me, but if you called I had to come. Ã¢â¬Å"Constantine,Ã¢â¬ I said quietly, into the darkness. Ã¢â¬Å"Do you need me? You have to call me if you do. You told me the rules yourself.Ã¢â¬ HeÃ¢â¬â¢d said Bo was after us. And that Bo would make a move soon. I rather thought that Ã¢â¬Å"soonÃ¢â¬ in this instance meant a definition of soon that humans and vampires could agree on. Con should have been back before now to tell me what was going on, what we were going to do. How far heÃ¢â¬â¢d got in tracing Bo. He hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t. There was something wrong. I slept badly that night, but this was getting to be so usual that it was an effort to try to decide if the nightmares IÃ¢â¬â¢d had were the kind I should pay attention to or not. I decided that they probably were, but I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what kind of attention to pay, so I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to. I went in to work, turned my brain off, and started making cinnamon rolls, and garlic-rosemary buns for lunch. Then I made brown sugar brownies, Rocky Road Avalanche, Killer Zebras, and a lot of muffins, and then it was ten-thirty and I had the lunch shift free. I had pulled my apron off and was about to untie my scarf when MelÃ¢â¬â¢s hand stopped me long enough for him to kiss the back of my neck. I shook my hair out and said Ã¢â¬Å"YesÃ¢â¬ and we went back to his house together and spent some time on the roof. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing nicer than making love outdoors on a warm sunny day, and this late in the year it felt like getting away with something too. Mel used to laugh, sometimes, right after he came, in this gentle, surprised way, as if heÃ¢â¬â¢d never expected to be this happy, and then heÃ¢â¬â¢d kiss me, thoughtfully, and IÃ¢â¬â¢d hang on to him and hope that I was reading the signs right. That afternoon was one of those times. HeÃ¢â¬â¢d wound up on top, which, I admit, I had slightly engineered, since there was a bit of an autumnal breeze snaking around and it was nice and warm under MelÃ¢â¬â¢s body. His breath smelled of coffee and cinnamon. We lay there some time afterward Ã¢â¬â I loved that butterfly-wings feeling of a hard-on getting unhard inside me Ã¢â¬â and while we lay there I was all right and the world was all right and everything that might not be all right was on hold. And it was daylight and with my treacherous eyes shut I could just lie there and feel the sunshine on my face. After a comfortable, rather dreamy lunch he went downstairs to take apart or put together some motorcycle and I went off to the library. I wanted to talk to Aimil. She looked up from her desk, smiled faintly and said, Ã¢â¬Å"I have a break in, uh, forty minutes,Ã¢â¬ and went back to whatever she was doing. I had a pass through the NEW shelves where there was a book hysterically titled The Scourge of the Other. It was a good two inches thick. I considered stealing it and putting it through the meat grinder at CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s, but the library would only buy another one and the detritus of ink and binding glue probably wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t do the quality of CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s meatloaf any good. I knew without picking it up that the chapters would have rabble-rousing headings like Ã¢â¬Å"The Demon MenaceÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Curse of the Were.Ã¢â¬ I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to guess what noun was desperate enough for vampires. Four months ago I would have just scowled. Today it gave me a hard-knot-in-pit-of-stomach feeling. It was turning out I had a lot of Other friends. And Con, of course, whatever he was. Con, are you all right? My tea was already steeping when I went back to the tiny staff kitchen to find Aimil. Ã¢â¬Å"So, how did it happen?Ã¢â¬ I said. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t bother to ask how did what happen. Ã¢â¬Å"I knew about your SOFs at CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s because you told me about them.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I told you so you wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop speaking to me because I seemed to like some guys who wore khaki and navy blue.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That they were SOF was supposed to help?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They told the best Other stories.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I guess. I could have done without the oneÃ¢â¬ ¦never mind. Anyway, so I recognized them when they came here. One day Pat and Jesse asked if IÃ¢â¬â¢d come by the SOF office some day for a chat Ã¢â¬â I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t realized you could feel surrounded by two people, you know? Ã¢â¬â and what was I going to say, no? So I said yes. And then they asked me if IÃ¢â¬â¢d be interested in doing a little work for SOF and of course I said no, and then they started working around to telling me they werenÃ¢â¬â¢t so interested that I was a reference librarian as they were interested in what I was doing with Otherwatch and Beware. They seemed to know what I was doing at home too, and before I totally freaked Pat held his breath and turned blue. I said, whatÃ¢â¬â¢s to prevent me reporting you? And he said, because youÃ¢â¬â¢re another oneÃ¢â¬ ¦I have no idea how they found out.Ã¢â¬ Aimil stopped, but she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop like end-of-the-story stop. Ã¢â¬Å"And?Ã¢â¬ I said. She sighed. Ã¢â¬Å"Rae, IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry. They also said, because youÃ¢â¬â¢re a friend of SunshineÃ¢â¬â¢s.Ã¢â¬ There was no window in the little library staff kitchen. I wanted sunlight. What had my friendship to do with anything? SheÃ¢â¬â¢d been working for SOF for almost two years. Ã¢â¬Å"And you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t tell me.Ã¢â¬ Aimil walked over to the door and closed it gently. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want anyone to hear us either, but my spine started prickling with claustrophobia, or dark-o-phobia anyway. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry,Ã¢â¬ said Aimil. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s only been since IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been working for them that IÃ¢â¬â¢ve startedÃ¢â¬ ¦have been able to start thinking of myself as Other. As a partblood. The best way to pass is to believe in the role, you know? My parents know, of course, but they havenÃ¢â¬â¢t made any attempt to find out where it comes from. None of my brothers had anything weird happen to them, and so far as I know they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know about me. I havenÃ¢â¬â¢t told my family IÃ¢â¬â¢m SOF, and I havenÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬â hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬â told anyone IÃ¢â¬â¢m partblood. Who was I going to tell? Why? The only person who would have a right to know is the father of my children, and IÃ¢â¬â¢m not going to have children and pass this on. I hope none of my brothersÃ¢â¬â¢ kid sÃ¢â¬ ¦well. Because IÃ¢â¬â¢d have to tell them then.Ã¢â¬ I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t say anything right away. Ã¢â¬Å"When did you find out?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah,Ã¢â¬ said Aimil. Ã¢â¬Å"Right about the time I met you. You looked as lost as I felt. And then it turned out we got along, andÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Did everyone but my mother and me assume that who my dad was was public knowledge?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t quite that bad.Ã¢â¬ I looked at her. She said reluctantly, Ã¢â¬Å"It was maybe worse during the Voodoo Wars but by then everyone knew you, and your mom had married Charlie, and CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s family has lived in Old Town forever, and you were normal by context, you know? And then you had two dead-normal little pests for brothers. Nobody ever, ever caught you doing anything weird at school Ã¢â¬â you seemed just as fascinated as the rest of us when some of the Ngus and Bloodaxes and so on talked about magic handling. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t deny that a few people looked at you a little sideways.Ã¢â¬ IÃ¢â¬â¢d let my tea sit too long, but the bitterness in my mouth seemed appropriate. Ã¢â¬Å"You were into cooking, Rae. And a generation or two ago the Blaises were top dog, sure Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Were they, I thought. So many things my mother never told me. Although I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t really blame her for my avoiding reading globenet articles that mentioned the Blaises. Could I? IÃ¢â¬â¢d wanted to be Rae Seddon. Ã¢â¬Å"You still heard a little about them at the beginning of the WarsÃ¢â¬ ¦but then itÃ¢â¬â¢s like what was left of them disappeared. So maybe you were genuinely normal, you know? Most people say that magic handling runs out in families sooner or later.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The SOFs didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think so,Ã¢â¬ I muttered. Disappeared. BoÃ¢â¬â¢s lot brought me a Blaise. And, not just a third cousin who can do card tricks and maybe write a ward sign that almost works, but Onyx BlaiseÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter. Onyx Blaise. Whose mother taught his daughter to transmute. How did the people who were looking at me sideways count those one or two generations? What else could my gran do? Had she done? Disappeared how? Ã¢â¬Å"And nobody gets more normal than your mom.Ã¢â¬ True. I would think about how to thank her for my very well embedded normalcy later. It might be difficult to choose between cyanide and garrotting. Ã¢â¬Å"Can we go outside?Ã¢â¬ I said. The sun was behind a cloud but daylight is still better than indoors. Ã¢â¬Å"Aimil. I want to ask you a favor.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Done.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Okay. Thanks. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s what SOF wants me to do Ã¢â¬â try and get some location fix on one of your creepy cosmails. But I want to do it somewhere that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t behind proofglass.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"In daylight,Ã¢â¬ said Aimil. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll do it at my house. My next afternoon off is Thursday.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll find someone to swap with.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not only the proofglass, is it? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also SOF. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to do it just because SOF tells you to.Ã¢â¬ How to cite Sunshine Chapter 16, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Computing Paradigm Scenarios And Security. Answer: Introduction Networking is a design and use of network, which includes the selection and use of telecommunication protocol including the use of cabling, switches and routers for managing the network. Networking refers to the exchange of information and resource sharing among the different devices connected over a particular network. Therefore, ensuring proper security in networking is to be ensured in order to prevent the unauthorized access of the information and computer resources. This is necessary because generally, a business connects all their systems and computers over a common network, and security issue in a single device can affect the entire system or put the system into risk. The report discusses the different security issues associated with the networking and the different improvements in the networking system over the years . Background and related Areas The security issue in networking can arise from vulnerability present in the security system that is exploited by a security risk or threat. The different security issue that may arise in networking includes, security breaches, loss of data along with the threat of malicious attacks. Therefore, ensuring proper measures is essential in order to reduce the vulnerability of the network. Over the years, different researches have been conducted in this field to avoid these network security threats. This includes, use of different security devices, firewalls and antivirus software in the network and devices, to detect and prevent the malicious use and unauthorized access of information from the system. Other security measures that can be taken in order to prevent the unauthorized access to the confidential data stored over a particular network includes encryption of systems data in order to prevent any unauthorized access . In order to eliminate the security issues of the system, the use of VPN or virtual private network is widespread across the organization. This is because the virtual private network helps in creating a secure link for protecting the information exchange over a particular network. It prevents anyone from accessing and modifying any information while it is being transferred across the channel . There are different cause of network security problems, which includes the technology weakness, policy weakness and the configuration weakness . The use of technology in every business operation is widespread and therefore, some unknown inherent weakness and vulnerabilities in a network can sufficiently act as a huge threat in a particular network. Similarly, lack of proper policy management in a network leads to security threats in a network. This includes lack of a proper disaster recovery plan, lack of policy for changes in hardware and software of system along with the lack of proper security monitoring. Security Issues in Networking Every networking device is subjected to different threats that require implementation of proper preventive measures for detecting and eliminating these vulnerabilities from the system. The different security issues associated with networking are as follows- Hacking into a network is one of the primary security issues associated with networking. Hacking refers to the unauthorized use of data and servers. This can be prevented by use of proper intrusion detection system in the network. Denial of Service attack is less harmful yet one of the most common security issues in networking. There had been a considerable increase in the rate of DoS and DDoS (Distributed Denial of service attack) in different networks over the years . In this attack, the attacker floods the servers that overwhelm the victim resources making it impossible for the legitimate users in accessing the system. This might further result in a system crash, thereby stopping the entire operation of the network . It has been observed over the years that the different security issues in the network arise from the misconfiguration of the systems and servers and not by any vulnerability. Misconfiguration of the servers results in the firewall breaches that lead to the loss of data and data theft. Botnet is another major issue that is observed on networking security. A lot of improvement are needed in this area in order to prevent the accordance of such attacks . A botnet is a system that is been hacked by an attacker in order to forward viruses and spams to the computers that are connected over a common network . Shared computer over a particular network is a threat as a number of people can access these systems. Another major security attack in networking is the password attack, where the hackers are able to determine the password of a network and can able to access it without the knowledge of the owner. This is very difficult to prevent, as many hacking software is used in order to access the password and therefore, it is one the major security issues in networking. Technical Specifications Vulnerabilities in Configuration is one of the major causes of the networking security issues and therefore, proper configuration of the firewall in a system or a network is essential in order to prevent it. The steps involving proper configuration of the system are illustrated below- All the ports of the server that are not in use should be blocked, as this will prevent the opening of the unwanted ports to launch an attack. The configuration of the server of a network should be in accordance to an average hit rate. This is because if the attacker can access the main server, it can degrade the performance of the network by sending unwanted spam and emails. The VPN implementation for disaster recovery should include the proper encryption methods . The wireless networking system if implemented in a network should be subjected to proper authentication method preferably WPA2 as WEP is more prone to attacks . Advantages and Disadvantages There are various advantages and disadvantages of evaluating the different security issues in networking. It helps in understanding and identifying the different vulnerabilities present in a network. Knowledge about the security issues in a network is essential for mitigating the risks associated with the system. Different researches over the years have considerably helped in unveiling the different security issues associated with networking and introduction of different risk mitigation approaches that can be implemented in order to eliminate the problem. One of the major disadvantages is that improper use of different risk mitigation approaches might have a negative effect in the networking system, leading to the risk of misconfiguration security issue. Improvements in security in networking over the years Over the years, the networking security issues have increased by many folds, however, there is a considerable advancement in breach detection tools such as, improve in security and event-monitoring system. The use of multifactor authentication and encryption has considerably helped in increasing the security of the system. The security assessment tools are emerging over the years that are able to detect the network vulnerability thus reducing the occurrence of network security attack . Conclusion Therefore, from the above discussion, it can be concluded that there are certain network security issues that are associated with networking, which includes the hacking, botnet attack, DDos attack and so on. This can be prevented by proper system configuration and use of proper intrusion detection systems. Proper configuration of the hardware and software is necessary for detecting any present threat in the network and eliminate the threats. A lot of improvements in the field of networking has been observed over the years and thus at present, it becomes possible to detect the a threat present in the system. References  Stojmenovic, Ivan, and Sheng Wen. "The fog computing paradigm: Scenarios and security issues." InComputer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS), 2014 Federated Conference on, pp. 1-8. IEEE, 2014.  Stolfo, Salvatore J., Malek Ben Salem, and Angelos D. Keromytis. "Fog computing: Mitigating insider data theft attacks in the cloud." InSecurity and Privacy Workshops (SPW), 2012 IEEE Symposium on, pp. 125-128. IEEE, 2012.  Jung, Taeho, Xiang-Yang Li, Zhiguo Wan, and Meng Wan. "Privacy preserving cloud data access with multi-authorities." 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"WPA exploitation in the world of wireless network."Int J Adv Res Comput Eng Technol1, no. 4. 2012: 609-618.  Lim, Sharon, J. Ha, H. Kim, Y. Kim, and S. Yang. "A SDN-oriented DDoS blocking scheme for botnet-based attacks." InUbiquitous and Future Networks (ICUFN), 2014 Sixth International Conf on, pp. 63-68. IEEE, 2014.  F. Ahmed, Z. U. Butt, and U. A. Siddiqui. "MPLS based VPN Implementation in a Corporate Environment."Journal of Information Technology Software Engineering6, no. 5. 2016: 1-7.  Eldardiry, Hoda, Evgeniy Bart, Juan Liu, John Hanley, Bob Price, and Oliver Brdiczka. "Multi-domain information fusion for insider threat detection." InSecurity and Privacy Workshops (SPW), 2013 IEEE, pp. 45-51. IEEE, 2013.